This is part II of our three part series on the overview of rural mental health care, as Jake welcomes Adrienne Sutherland back on the show.
Conditions in rural areas can also exacerbate mental-health problems. One in five adults suffers from mental illness, but in rural areas, rates of depression and suicide attempts are significantly higher than in urban areas.
Jake and Adrienne will be continuing the discussion on mental illness in rural and urban residents. Social support has been found to have a direct effect on the well-being of families and individuals. Specific strategies are presented which will assist rural health nurses in providing the support systems necessary to help rural residents in managing and coping with stress and mental health problems.
Rural residents often experience barriers to healthcare that limit their ability to obtain the care they need. In order for rural residents to have sufficient healthcare access, necessary and appropriate services must be available and obtainable in a timely manner.
Even when an adequate supply of healthcare services exists in the community, there are other factors to consider in terms of healthcare access.
Healthcare workforce shortages have an impact on access to care in rural communities. One measure of healthcare access is having a usual source of care. Having an adequate health workforce is necessary to providing that usual source of care. Some health researchers have argued that determining access by simply measuring provider availability is not adequate to fully understand healthcare access.
The provision of adequate access to health care services in rural areas continues to be a critical public policy concern. The rapidly evolving nature of the health care system presents both enhanced opportunities to address rural health problems and new threats to the fragile rural health care system.
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